And this is actually one of the constant expressions used by members of this movement: enslavement as an ongoing condition of their people. This seems odd to me, given that there is absolutely no reference to or real acknowledgment of the severity and impact of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, racial chattel slavery, or the racialization of Afro-descended peoples in the Americas. The term ‘cultural slave’ itself is not qualified (nowhere on the site do they define what exactly they mean), and ignores that it is specifically a non-black/black (not a white/non-white) distinction that has determined enslavement as a condition of being in the Americas.[vi] Also of interest is how blackness specifically appears as a threat to Mexica Movement’s goal of decolonization and indigenous consciousness (third block quote in this section). As stated earlier, identification as mixed is argued to be unproductive and inherently colonial. However, this approach is not only applied to whiteness (‘the colonizers’), but also to blackness.[vii] What this communicates is that while white settlers were not indigenous to the Western Hemisphere, the re-indigenization or accomplishment of reclaimed indigeneity also requires a distancing from blackness and Black political identification(s).[viii] The comment made on Facebook regarding Afro-centric consciousness as contributing to the ‘Genocide of our own Nican Tlaca People’ not only marks a politicized Blackness as that which engulfs and blurs the integrity of indigeneity, but also disregards antiblack genocide as a structuring component of global white supremacy. In imagining a completely decolonized/re-indigenized Americas, Mexica movement makes no distinction between white European settlers and other racialized settlers who have arrived through forced transportation, migration, displacement, etc. In other words, the re-indigenization of the Americas requires a defense against the blackening of its political geography.
me, nica, in my A Critique of Mexica Movement: Antiblackness and the Politics of Decolonization. below are the footnotes. but first. i wrote this essay in September. so there are a few things I’d like to edit/comment on:
1. Blackness as “categorical eligibility for enslavement” (Jared Sexton) is here being discussed in relation to a movement operating in the ‘Western Hemisphere,’ but by no means is this meant to indicate that this logic operates solely within the geography of the ‘Americas.’
2. Antiblack genocide is a part of global white supremacy. But it would also be a mistake to not name its specificity as an outcome and logic of global antiblackness.
3. To include Afro-descended peoples in the Americas in the category of ‘racialized settlers,’ as I did in my critique, is itself a move in antiblackness that I would like to correct. This misrecognizes the ontological positioning of captured/enslaved Africans and their descendants. In other words, as Tiffany King asserts (citing Native feminist Bonita Lawrence), "Black slaves and descendants of slaves are not settlers." This will be edited in my critique, but I’m leaving it as I had originally posted it above and adding this comment to be transparent about my own thinking at the time and the antiblackness still operating within a text I wrote claiming to identify a movement as antiblack.
Footnotes for the quote above:
[vi] Note that there is also no mentioning of cases in which indigenous/native groups/nations in “Cemenahauc” have participated in the enslavement of Afro-descended peoples. See: this post.
[vii] This larger rejection of Afro-mexican, Afro-mestiza & Afro indigenous consciousness ignores how the groups mentioned are indigenous, insofar as groups mixed together to continue communities that were both/and. The need to homogenize indigenous consciousness (i.e. the rejection of Afro-centric consciousness) can be read as an attempt to marginalize blackness through the claim that non-blackness is (or should be) the default or norm of indigeneity.
[viii] For a critique of antiblackness within the literature of mestizaje, specifically Gloria Anzaldua and the genealogy of Mexican thinkers she positions herself within, see Jared Sexton, Amalgamation Schemes: Antiblackness and the Critique of Multiracialism. See also: "The Consequence of Race Mixture: Racialised Barriers and the Politics of Desire." (Sexton).
In the body of a mixed person, whiteness is seen as a placeholder for humanity and the presence of Blackness means the death of whatever other ethnicity exists in that same body- this isn’t pro indigenous its rhetorical violence against Black indigenous ppl
Even Black DNA is conceived of as murderous by non Black ppl that is really sickening
This is genius!